IBO presents 10 new ways NYC can cut costs or raise revenue. As with all of our 100+ options, we neither endorse nor reject the ideas. See the descriptions & estimates of revenues/savings, with pros & cons for each option.
Anticipating a reduction in rental income, NYC sharply reduced the assessments used to calculate ‘22 tax bills. These reductions turned out to be an overestimate & the ’23 tax roll now reflects this as projected growth. IBO examines the reason for the change.
A key part of the Mayor Adam's Program to the Eliminate the Gap (PEG) is budgeted headcount reductions. IBO examines how other actions contained within the budget affect the number of headcount reductions the Mayor proposes to make.
In this Budget Brief, IBO provides more details on our latest economic forecast and estimates of tax revenues, as well as a comparison with the Mayor’s tax projections included in the Preliminary Budget.
After 25 years of service, including more than 20 years as its director, Ronnie Lowenstein will retire from the IBO later this month. George Sweeting, IBO’s deputy director will become acting director. IBO congratulates Ronnie on her retirement & is grateful for her many years of service.
IBO presents our latest economic forecast for the city along with our projections of revenues and expenditures under the Mayor’s November financial plan. We forecast key economic indicators, such as the jobs recovery from the pandemic-induced recession, and estimate budget gaps and surpluses
For many years, the city’s capital plans, which outline when funds for capital projects will be committed, have been substantially front-loaded with much of the funds slotted for the first year of each four-year plan—even though it was unlikely funds could or would be committed in that timeframe.
NYC is set to receive $7.3b in federal education aid from the 2 most recent stimulus acts, the CRRSA & ARPA. IBO details their planned uses and examines how much is budgeted for initiatives that will likely continue after federal funding stops.
There’s been much attention over the past year to how much the city spends on the police department. But policing is only one part, albeit a large one, of a bigger system that includes the courts, detention & related functions. We look at the full cost of the justice system and how much it has grown
NYC BY THE NUMBERS: There are just a few weeks left in FY 2021 and the police department is on pace to spend less on overtime than it has in recent years. But how much less and what are the prospects for reduced spending in the years ahead?
The Covid-19 pandemic and the resulting lockdown brought about extraordinary economic distress for New York City and its residents. That distress is now easing thanks to an influx of federal aid to the city budget and the successful development and distribution of Covid-19 vaccines.
The New York City Independent Budget Office is today adding to its compilation of roughly 100 budget options for the city—ways New York could cut spending or raise revenue. In addition to the new measures introduced today, we have revised or updated a number of initiatives included in our online Bud
With the parents of thousands of preschoolers needing to go to work and many K-8th grade students doing schoolwork remotely, the de Blasio Administration created the Learning Bridges and Learning Labs programs to provide care, supervision, and help with classes at hundreds of sites across the city.
The city’s public housing authority has to deal with removing lead paint, fixing broken elevators, a backlog of thousands of other repairs—and growing budget gaps. See the details on the housing authority’s fiscal challenges.
PRELIMINARY BUDGET FOCUS: A number of changes have been proposed that would affect how the city’s annual contribution to its pension funds are calculated. We explain the changes and their implications for the city’s budget:
PRELIMINARY BUDGET FOCUS: Under the Governor’s budget plan, state aid to NYC schools would grow next year. But the outlook for school aid is complicated by an influx of federal pandemic school aid and the Governor’s proposed restructuring and reductions of school support from Albany.
PRELIMINARY BUDGET FOCUS: A more detailed presentation of our most recent economic forecast for the city reveals a slow path towards recovery, with some sectors of the economy continuing to trail through 2025.
FOCUS ON THE PRELIMINARY BUDGET: Over the past year, shifts in the composition of the city’s homeless population, increased spending on rental assistance, and pandemic-related aid from the Federal Emergency Management Agency have altered the city’s costs for providing shelter for the homeless.
PRELIMINARY BUDGET FOCUS: Just hours before the Mayor released the 2022 Preliminary Budget he learned that the Federal Emergency Management Agency was increasing its reimbursement rate to the city for Covid-related costs. How much more can the city expect and what does this mean for city spending?
PRELIMINARY BUDGET REPORT: In this new report we present our latest economic forecast and analysis of the Mayor’s 2022 Preliminary Budget and Financial Plan through 2025. In the form of a chart book the report presents our key findings on the local economy and projections of tax revenues & spending.
In 2016, the Mayor and City Council provided the libraries with a substantial hike in their subsidies with the aim of increasing public access and use of the more than 200 library branches across the five boroughs. How well have those goals been met?
LETTER: The city’s public schools are set to open next week (9/21/2020) with more than the usual number of teachers and the need for many safeguards. Council Member Mark Treyger asked us what this will cost.
REPORT: Our new economic forecast and projections for tax revenue & spending based on the recently adopted budget for fiscal year 2021 & financial plan through 2024. The report, which includes our latest projection of job losses & gains and estimates of budget surpluses and gaps in the coming years.
NYC BY THE NUMBERS: The Covid-19 pandemic has led to a surge in unemployment and an increase in government assistance, including cash assistance grants. How much have New York city’s cash assistance rolls grown in recent months?
FOCUS ON THE EXECUTIVE BUDGET: Before the Mayor’s recent announcement that that the city may need to lay off or furlough as many as 22,000 municipal workers, the Executive Budget included the elimination of some vacant positions and a partial hiring freeze.
We often get questions about NYPD overtime spending. So here's an update: In a 2-week period roughly since antiracism protests began, NYC spent $115 million on police overtime, over 4X spent in same period last year.
FOCUS ON THE EXECUTIVE BUDGET: The Mayor’s savings plan for next year includes nearly $475 million in cuts to the education department—68 percent of the reductions target funding for general education classrooms.
NYC BY THE NUMBERS: Last November voters approved a change to the City Charter that increased staffing at the Civilian Complaint Review Board. Is staffing expected to reach the approved level under the Mayor’s Executive Budget?
REPORT: Washington has enacted four relief bills related to Covid-19. How much of this funding will flow to the city budget and how much to other key local agencies such as the housing authority and public hospitals.
TESTIMONY: IBO Director Ronnie Lowenstein presents the New York City Council with an overview of IBO’s latest economic forecast and our estimates of revenue and spending under the Mayor’s Executive Budget.
As local tax revenue and aid from Albany decline due to the economic fallout from the coronavirus pandemic, Mayor de Blasio has proposed using a substantial share of reserve funds to help balance the city’s budget. We look at the city’s different reserve funds and the Mayor’s plan for using them.
REPORT: The Covid-19 pandemic has played havoc with the city’s economy. We make some initial estimates of the resulting job losses and tax revenue declines compared with our estimates from just a couple of months ago.
FOCUS ON THE PRELIMINARY BUDGET: Over the past three years, the state has forced New York City to shoulder an increasing amount of annual child welfare and juvenile justice costs. The Governor’s budget for 2021 would continue this pattern.
FOCUS ON THE PRELIMINARY BUDGET: Although the Governor’s budget would increase state aid for schools by over $800 million, the city’s share is less than the Mayor had expected in the Preliminary Budget for 2021.
FOCUS ON THE PRELIMINARY BUDGET: Seven years after Hurricane Sandy swamped the city’s coastal neighborhoods, the programs aimed at restoring damaged homes and apartment buildings linger on. More money has been added to the city’s budget to finish the job.
IBO introduces a new publication--a set of charts and graphs that highlight key findings from our latest economic forecast and tax collection and spending estimates, based on the Mayor’s preliminary budget for 2021 and financial plan.
Our data detailing school spending since 1990 has been updated and now features interactive charts and graphs. It includes information on per pupil spending, revenue sources, and school debt service and pension costs.
IBO’s Jonathan Rosenberg presents testimony to the City Council on the difficulty in tracking the reasons for delays and cost overruns on parks department capital projects—a problem that extends to projects at other agencies as well.
IBO presents a comprehensive analysis of the 2020 Executive Budget & Financial Plan through 2023, including our projections of spending, revenue, & budget gaps & surpluses under the Mayor’s proposals. The report also features our latest economic forecast & an analysis of the Mayor’s saving plan.
In recent years annual revisions to federal labor force data for New York City have been large and hard to anticipate. These revisions have been further complicated by some unusual recent trends in local employment. We take a closer look.
While there’s been much attention to the de Blasio Administration’s expansion of pre-k and 3-k, after-school programs for elementary and middle school students also have substantially increased. We track the rise in enrollment and spending since 2014.
Foundation Aid is the largest form of state support for the city’s schools. The budget proposals from the Governor and the Legislature remain far apart, not just in dollar amount but in how some of the funding can be used.
The city has committed more than $4 billion over 10 years that can be used to meet the terms of the settlement with federal officials for repairs at public housing developments across the city. Yet the full cost of the settlement is unclear, and may require additional city funds.
IBO presents an overview of our analysis of the Mayor’s Preliminary Budget for 2020 and financial plan through 2023. The report includes our projections of city budget gaps and surpluses, highlights of our latest economic forecast, and re-estimates of revenue and spending under the Mayor’s plan
We’ve updated and reformulated our compendium of ways the city can raise money or cut spending. Budget Options for New York City is now designed as a web-based publication. This enables us to update budget options or add new ones as circumstances change or new information becomes available.
While lead paint is the primary source of exposure to lead in New York City, tap water can also be a source of lead—and many privately owned small residential buildings in the city have plumbing that contains a much higher level of lead than is allowed in new construction today.
Over the past five years, total federal aid to New York City has declined from $7.9 billion in 2011 to just under $7.0 billion in 2015, a decrease of roughly $933 million, or nearly 12 percent. The change was mainly due to the drop in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act federal stimulus dollars.
Before the recent announcement of ThriveNYC, the de Blasio Administration’s initiatives to improve access to mental health programs for youth, adults, and seniors, the Mayor had previously launched measures to boost behavioral health programs for the city’s inmate population.
There is a great deal of variation in average per pupil allocations across community school districts. In 2013-2014, the last school year in which budgets were set by the Bloomberg Administration, school district allocations averaged $8,255 per student in grades pre-k through 8.
In 2009, the city’s Department of Cultural Affairs concluded a multiyear initiative to reform the Cultural Development Fund, the primary source of city funding for hundreds of arts and cultural organizations throughout the five boroughs.
IBO’s review of New York City’s spending on antismoking programs finds that spending levels
have varied widely in recent years—and that after trending downward the local adult smoking rate has been increasing.
The city makes an annual payment to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) to support the authority’s capital program. NYPIRG’s Straphangers Campaign asked IBO to review the annual contributions to see if they have kept pace with inflation.
Under the recently adopted fiscal year 2015-2019 capital plan for schools, 62 percent of the 32,560 new seats will be completed within the five-year plan period, including projects that had been funded for design but not construction under the previous plan.
Preliminary data for fiscal year 2014 indicate the city received about $41 million in revenue from camera-generated redlight, bus-lane, and now speeding summonses, as well as $14 million in ticket revenue from traffic violations written up by police officers.
Report focuses on the allocation and uses of resources for various competing budget priorities, including the various options available for saving money and raising revenue, as well as the weighed/approximated costs and benefits for each option.