Much has been discussed about growth in city spending for Carter Cases—when students with disabilities are enrolled in private schools & parents seek tuition payment. In FY22, it topped $900M. We examine Carter Case spending & what the costs include.
This report, the first produced under a 2017 City Council law that turns to IBO to issue periodic reports on New York City economic development tax expenditures, looks at the efficiency and effectiveness of two programs: Commercial Revitalization & Commercial Expansion.
]Roughly 150,000 special education students in New York City schools receive speech therapy and other “related services.” Many students are supposed to receive one or more services multiple times a week. With hybrid schedules, how many can receive their services in person?
Two new federal policies tying Medicare reimbursements to quality of care took effect in October 2012. Hospitals are now penalized for excess readmissions. An additional penalty or bonus can be awarded, based on adherence to clinical standards and ratings on patient surveys.
For years, some providers of city-funded social services have questioned disparities in the funding of their programs, with wide differences in how much support some groups receive for each participant despite offering a similar set of services.
NYC BY THE NUMBERS: Following an investigation into health care in the city’s jails, in 2015 Mayor de Blasio shifted responsibility for providing health care in the jails from private firms to the city’s public hospital system. Despite a shrinking jail population, the cost of care has increased.
IBO has examined the shares of reports to the hotline over several years that came from mandated reporters versus those that came from the general public, such as relatives, neighbors, or anonymous callers.
The city is in the process of spending $8.7b to close Rikers Island & replace it and other jails with new borough-based facilities. But the new jails are not expected be ready until 2026. In the interim, the city needs to spend millions of dollars on major repairs of the jails destined for closure.
With a growing number of English language learners and an expanding set of programs to assist them, IBO looked at shifts in placements at 1,512 traditional public schools over the four years from 2014-2015 through 2017-2018.
The city’s diminishing stock of rent-stabilized apartments is highly sought after by prospective tenants because these regulated units often rent at below-market rates and offer a variety of tenant protections including the right to lease renewal.
NYC BY THE NUMBERS: The Covid-19 pandemic brought renewed attention to the importance of parks and open space in neighborhoods. But some NYC neighborhoods have substantially more park space than others. We map the differences by square foot per resident.
As of June, the Department of Education had 131,199 full-time employees. More than 119,000 served in jobs under the broad classification of pedagogues, which includes roles such as principals, assistant principals, teachers, and teaching assistants also known as paraprofessionals.
Many of the city’s highest-scoring students will likely attend one of the city’s nine specialized high schools. But many high-scorers—including some offered admission to a specialized high school—will attend other schools.
Last year NYC's five pension systems for municipal employees paid $12.9 billion in benefits to more than 332,000 retirees or their beneficiaries. While many retired city workers remain in the five boroughs, many others collect their pension checks in states and counties all around the country.
Before the recent announcement of ThriveNYC, the de Blasio Administration’s initiatives to improve access to mental health programs for youth, adults, and seniors, the Mayor had previously launched measures to boost behavioral health programs for the city’s inmate population.
The Independent Budget Office examined Cultural Development Fund (CDF) awards made by the Department of Cultural Affairs for fiscal years 2019 through 2023 and identified award amounts by fiscal year and borough.
Nearly 400 public schools with grades 9-12 offer advancement placement courses. Course content is very similar across the schools, but some schools weight student grades, potentially turning a B into an A. With appendix table.
The number of students in grades 6 through 12 suspended for breaking school rules has continued to decline in recent years as the City Council and the de Blasio Administration have fostered policies that promote alternatives to keeping students out of the classroom.
New York City’s budget includes more than $450m this year to fund the offices of the city’s 5 District Attorneys and Special Narcotics Prosecutor. In the 1980s & 1990s, as the number of arrests climbed staffing at these offices grew. But as arrests fell sharply over the past decade, did staff fall?
IBO reviewed 131 NYC Housing Connect listings for 3,605 new affordable apartments over a recent six-month period, surveying the distribution of rents by income group and by apartment size, as well as rent-to-income ratios.
The Adams Administration increased funding for the city’s Summer Youth Employment Program in the Preliminary Budget. IBO explores what we know about the planned expansion thus far and what questions remain.
New York State real property tax law establishes the 421-a property tax exemption for the construction of new multifamily housing in the city. This map shows where & what types of buildings receive these breaks.
Over the last decade, the number of city residents receiving food stamps has more than doubled, while
public assistance recipients have decreased and the number of blind and disabled New Yorkers receiving
Supplemental Security Income benefits has remained flat.
As part of our recently released Education Indicators, IBO examined what impact living in a low-income neighborhood may have on student achievement, as well as how attending a school with a higher concentration of students from low-income neighborhoods affects individual achievement.
This document provides an update to IBO’s February 2001 Background Paper entitled “Overview of the Waste Stream Managed by the NYC Department of Sanitation.” Here, we present a condensed survey of the same data for fiscal years 2000-2004.
In this brief, IBO estimates the total cost of the city’s labor contracts under two scenarios that explore differences in contract terms and the timing of their ratification, as well as the impact of changes in the size of the city’s labor force.
While there’s been much attention to the de Blasio Administration’s expansion of pre-k and 3-k, after-school programs for elementary and middle school students also have substantially increased. We track the rise in enrollment and spending since 2014.
With the parents of thousands of preschoolers needing to go to work and many K-8th grade students doing schoolwork remotely, the de Blasio Administration created the Learning Bridges and Learning Labs programs to provide care, supervision, and help with classes at hundreds of sites across the city.
Subway and bus ridership fell with onset of Covid-19, playing havoc with the MTA’s budget. Many of the same factors keeping riders off the MTA’s rails, buses, bridges & tunnels is also leading to a slump in the agency’s dedicated tax revenues, another primary source of its funding.