In recent years, the City Council and de Blasio Administration have greatly expanded the funding for legal services for low-income New Yorkers facing civil proceedings in court. IBO examines how this funding for civil legal assistance has grown.
A key part of the Mayor Adam's Program to the Eliminate the Gap (PEG) is budgeted headcount reductions. IBO examines how other actions contained within the budget affect the number of headcount reductions the Mayor proposes to make.
There’s been much attention over the past year to how much the city spends on the police department. But policing is only one part, albeit a large one, of a bigger system that includes the courts, detention & related functions. We look at the full cost of the justice system and how much it has grown
The Adams Administration added funds for homeless shelter costs in the Preliminary Budget. IBO estimates that additional funds for shelter will be necessary, and that the city will also need to increase budgeted amounts for its homeless outreach and its housing voucher programs in fiscal year 2023.
The tumbling stock market has inevitably taken a toll on the value of the city’s pension funds. That means the city may have to increase its contributions to the funds by tens of million—if not hundreds of millions--of dollars in the coming years. We look at a few scenarios.
Kindergarteners attending public school in NYC must apply through DOE’s centralized kindergarten choice process. While most students apply to zoned school, they can also apply to out-of-zone schools. School performance is likely a factor in a family’s decision to apply out-of-zone.
Under federal and state law, families with young children receiving cash assistance and participating in work or training programs are guaranteed vouchers to pay for their choice of child care providers.
Are the city’s more than 70 public hospitals and clinics located in neighborhoods with heavy concentrations of the uninsured? IBO has mapped the location of public hospital facilities and the share of uninsured in the city’s 59 community districts.
Preliminary data for fiscal year 2014 indicate the city received about $41 million in revenue from camera-generated redlight, bus-lane, and now speeding summonses, as well as $14 million in ticket revenue from traffic violations written up by police officers.
Although students with disabilities comprised about 18 percent of the overall student body in school year 2012-2013, they made up about 30 percent of the suspended student population (defined as the population of students who have been suspended at least one time).
NYC BY THE NUMBERS: Subway ridership is way down. Which stations have seen the biggest declines in passenger entrances and what might plummeting ridership mean in terms of lost revenue for NYC Transit?
The number of students in the city’s public schools who lived for some part of the school year in New York’s homeless shelters during school year 2015-2016 rose by more than 4,000, or 15 percent, over the preceding year to nearly 33,000.
Anticipating a reduction in rental income, NYC sharply reduced the assessments used to calculate ‘22 tax bills. These reductions turned out to be an overestimate & the ’23 tax roll now reflects this as projected growth. IBO examines the reason for the change.
PRELIMINARY BUDGET FOCUS: The Covid-driven tailspin in the local economy has led to a big drop in expected property tax revenue next year. We explain how the finance department derives the market and assessed values underlying the falloff in projected revenue.
Memorandum: Audit: Review, Evaluation, and Monitoring of Sexual Harassment Prevention and Response Practices
New York City Independent Budget Office from the New York City Equal Employment Practices Commission
PRELIMINARY BUDGET FOCUS: Even with the Metropolitan Transportation Authority on track to receive $6.5 billion in additional federal aid, there is still potential trouble ahead—for the authority and the city.
Under the city’s borough-based jails plan, Rikers Island will be replaced by jails in 4 of the 5 boroughs. The plan aims to create smaller & safer jails that allow people in custody to be closer to the courts where their cases are heard and their communities. IBO examines how these 2 goals overlap
We’ve updated and reformulated our compendium of ways the city can raise money or cut spending. Budget Options for New York City is now designed as a web-based publication. This enables us to update budget options or add new ones as circumstances change or new information becomes available.
IBO presents 10 new ways NYC can cut costs or raise revenue. As with all of our 100+ options, we neither endorse nor reject the ideas. See the descriptions & estimates of revenues/savings, with pros & cons for each option.
Report focuses on the allocation and uses of resources for various competing budget priorities, including the various options available for saving money and raising revenue, as well as the weighed/approximated costs and benefits for each option.
A recent court decision may allow Gowanus to be the next neighborhood rezoned under the Mayor’s initiative, but 6 other neighborhood rezoning plans—from East New York to the Bay Street corridor--are already approved and underway. We look at the status of funding for 87 local projects.
For years, nonprofit social & human service providers have contended that city contracts did not fully cover indirect costs such as rent & utilities. The de Blasio Admin promised more funding, then reduced the allocation. Now the initiative to support indirect costs is fully funded—but for how long?
As an advisory commission appointed by the Mayor and Council Speaker looks at ways to reform the city’s property tax system, we consider an idea suggested by a number of policy- and opinion-makers: reducing the percentage of a home’s market value that is subject to the property tax.
In our report on the Executive Budget, IBO presents our projections of tax revenues, our reestimates of spending under the Mayor’s proposals, and the resulting budget gaps and surpluses. The report also features our latest economic forecast, as well as outstanding risks.
NYC BY THE NUMBERS: Since the de Blasio Administration began discharging people from the city’s jails to lessen the risk of Covid-19 contagion, the jail population has dropped by nearly 30 percent. Were some groups of people in custody more likely to be released than others? See the comparisons
NYC BY THE NUMBERS: Based on recommendations from the city’s Board of Correction, the de Blasio Administration is considering the release of some people now held in the city’s jails. How many people in custody might be released?
REPORT: The Covid-19 pandemic has played havoc with the city’s economy. We make some initial estimates of the resulting job losses and tax revenue declines compared with our estimates from just a couple of months ago.
Included in its Preliminary Budget, the Adams Administration proposed 3 tax programs: one to enhance the value of city’s EITC, which increases the value of wages and salaries for low- and moderate-income tax filer; as well as 2 tax breaks to incentivize the development of childcare programs in NYC
Our data detailing school spending since 1990 has been updated and now features interactive charts and graphs. It includes information on per pupil spending, revenue sources, and school debt service and pension costs.
In 2017 the Campaign Finance Board provided candidates running for municipal offices ranging from the Mayor to City Council with a combined $17.7 million in public funds to support their campaigns.Candidates who meet the requirements are eligible to receive matching funds.
The 421-a property tax exemption is the city’s largest tax expenditure, costing more than $1 billion
in forgone taxes each year. The exemption dates back to the 1970s and is currently up for renewal
In 2002, Mayor Bloomberg urged that the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) take over the 82 express and local bus routes (most based in Queens) operated by seven private companies under franchise agreements
that included city subsidies.
Over the years 2002-2012, about 60 percent of the more than 75,000 homeless families with children entering the city’s shelter system had either a building with rent regulated apartments (43 percent) or a New York City Housing Authority development (16 percent) listed as their last address.
NYC BY TNE NUMBERS: When New York City went on a pandemic “pause” in the spring, work at some 35,000 construction sites came to a halt. But not for long. How many sites restarted work—and why—during the pause?
When Mayor Bloomberg presented his last budget plan in November, he noted that the city’s full-time and full-time
equivalent headcount had fallen by 15,368 since December 31, 2001. But staffing levels since the end of fiscal year 2002, tell a different story.
When a low-income household loses their income or faces an extraordinary bill, they can face a utilities cutoff--or eviction. Did the pandemic lead to a surge in one-time emergency housing grants by the city?
NYC BY THE NUMBERS: The Old Farmer’s Almanac says the Northeast may be in for a snowy winter. Regardless of such predictions, the city budgets for snow removal based on a formula in the City Charter. Some years this leads to savings, other years shortfalls. What’s the cost of digging out?
The average time in city jails credited to inmates newly sentenced to state prisons from Bronx courtrooms grew to 15.7 months in 2012, about six months more than the average in the remainder of the city. Lowering this average could save NYC money.
About 75,000 students—or over 7 percent—of the city’s 1.1 million public school students lived in the city’s homeless shelter system or were doubled up in the home of a friend or family member at some point during school year 2013-2014.
IBO used the address of each student attending a New York City public high school in the 2012-2013 school year to identify the census tract in which each student lived and the median household income for households residing in the tract.
IBO’s review of New York City’s spending on antismoking programs finds that spending levels
have varied widely in recent years—and that after trending downward the local adult smoking rate has been increasing.
The Covid-19 pandemic and the resulting lockdown brought about extraordinary economic distress for New York City and its residents. That distress is now easing thanks to an influx of federal aid to the city budget and the successful development and distribution of Covid-19 vaccines.
Traffic on city streets is approaching pre-pandemic levels. With more traffic, comes more collisions & many of these accidents involve drivers impaired by alcohol or drugs. IBO looks at annual trends in the number of arrests of impaired drivers, as well as the number of collisions involving injuries
In this Budget Brief, IBO provides more details on our latest economic forecast and estimates of tax revenues, as well as a comparison with the Mayor’s tax projections included in the Preliminary Budget.
IBO has updated two sections of its Education Indicators: Student Attendance (data on average attendance and chronic absenteeism rates in traditional public schools) & Student Achievement (standardized test scores for grades 3-8 and Regents exam performance for high school students).
The Mayor’s Executive Budget for FY 2023 restored some funding for the city’s organics recycling program, which suffered cuts in the Mayor’s previous budget proposal. However, none of the reinstated funding is for the expansion of the city’s curbside collection program.
TESTIMONY: IBO Director Ronnie Lowenstein presents the New York City Council with an overview of IBO’s latest economic forecast and our estimates of revenue and spending under the Mayor’s Executive Budget.
PRELIMINARY BUDGET FOCUS: Just hours before the Mayor released the 2022 Preliminary Budget he learned that the Federal Emergency Management Agency was increasing its reimbursement rate to the city for Covid-related costs. How much more can the city expect and what does this mean for city spending?
PRELIMINARY BUDGET FOCUS: Under the Governor’s budget plan, state aid to NYC schools would grow next year. But the outlook for school aid is complicated by an influx of federal pandemic school aid and the Governor’s proposed restructuring and reductions of school support from Albany.
NYC is set to receive $7.3b in federal education aid from the 2 most recent stimulus acts, the CRRSA & ARPA. IBO details their planned uses and examines how much is budgeted for initiatives that will likely continue after federal funding stops.
The city’s public hospital system, NYC Health + Hospitals, was regaining fiscal stability. Then the Covid-19 pandemic arrived. There may be enough federal aid to help H+H recover, at least in the near term. How much can the system expect to receive and what are the fiscal challenges ahead?
In contrast to NYC's explosive growth in new jobs since the 2008-09 recession, the average number of hours worked each week has trended downward over the past decade. We compare the trend here, which may partly explain why wage growth has been relatively modest, with other U.S. metropolitan areas.
IBO presents our latest economic forecast for the city along with our projections of revenues and expenditures under the Mayor’s November financial plan. We forecast key economic indicators, such as the jobs recovery from the pandemic-induced recession, and estimate budget gaps and surpluses
The Mayor’s latest budget plan adds $23 million over the years 2020-2023 for his LeadFreeNYC initiative, and brings the total amount of funds budgeted for the program to $39 million. But that still leaves the program’s funding well short of the original commitment.
The city has committed more than $4 billion over 10 years that can be used to meet the terms of the settlement with federal officials for repairs at public housing developments across the city. Yet the full cost of the settlement is unclear, and may require additional city funds.
Foundation Aid is the largest form of state support for the city’s schools. The budget proposals from the Governor and the Legislature remain far apart, not just in dollar amount but in how some of the funding can be used.
REPORT: With hunger and food insecurity rising amid the Covid-19 pandemic, the de Blasio Administration launched the Grab & Go food program at many city schools, where anyone in need could pick up free meals. But were the sites located in the areas with the greatest economic need?